Hague vs Non Hague Adoption
Under U.S. law, there are two different types of international adoption: Hague Convention adoptions and non-Hague Convention adoptions.
- The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention) is an international treaty that provides important safeguards to protect the best interests of all parties involved in international adoption: the children, the birth families, and the adoptive parents. The U.S. became a part of the Hague Convention on April 1, 2008. The standards set in place in the Hague Convention will apply to all U.S. adoptions from another Hague country. Adoption from Hague countries may only be done using a Hague Accredited Adoption Agency.
- Non-Hague Convention adoptions are still being done when adopting a child from a non-Hague country. The adoption process is typically very similar but some of the paperwork is different. (You can see a list of the differences here.) Non-Hague adoptions are becoming fewer and fewer, however, as more countries seek to join the Hague Convention and/or will only work with Hague accredited agencies.
Both the Hague Convention Adoption Process and the non-Hague adoption process involve two basic U.S. determinations: 1) The suitability of the adoptive parents, and 2) Whether the child's adoption meets eligibility requirements in order for the child to immigrate to the United States.
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